Children and young people with psychophysical development disorders


The project is aimed at improving the opportunities for the full development and implementation of the rights of children and young people with disabilities, including those living in house-boarding institutions, to live in a family environment conducive to development and socialization.  

Objective of project: to develop a plan for the development of social protection system in promoting the deinstitutionalization of children and young people with disabilities, including those living in house-boarding institutions, in accordance with the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the Convention on the Rights of the Child.  
The Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities has been ratified in Belarus. The objectives of deinstitutionalization are included in the National action plan for the implementation of the Convention on the Rights of Persons with disabilities for 2018-2025. Now it is important to form a common vision of effective ways and means of deinstitutionalization for all stakeholders. 
Today, one in five children with special needs lives outside the family. State institutions, exactly house-boarding institutions, have taken responsibility for such children. However, at the same time, it significantly limits their right to grow in their family, the right to a quality health recovery, the right to personal development, the right to receive an inclusive education, participation in cultural life, freedom of movement. All these things have an impact on the formation of a child with special needs, who should be included in society. 

Families raising children with special needs face great difficulties. Parents need answers to simple questions: how they can help their child grow up, what therapy they will provide to their children, what education they need to adapt the children to life in society. Such parents need a clear plan of action and a clear system of support from the social infrastructure and the local community.  

Project objectives, conduct and prepare: 
  1. A research on the analysis of the reasons for placement of a child with disabilities in a house-boarding institutions.  
  2. A plan to reorganize a residential institution into a service Center for children with disabilities. 
  3. A road map of deinstitutionalization of children with special needs in the Republic of Belarus (on the example of one of the institutions).  

As a result of the research and other activities of the project will be prepared:  

Proposals aimed at improving the system of support for families with children with disabilities in order to create motivation for the education of such children in the family; 
Methodological recommendations for employees of institutions for the protection of children by working with families (including potential) to prevent placement of children in institutional care and return to their families or alternative family forms (foster families). 

Decisions, initiatives and approaches that will fall within the scope of the project will be adopted and implemented individually for each child, ensuring the safety and security of the child and focusing on the best interests and rights of the child, in accordance with the principle of non-discrimination and with due regard for gender issues.